Hemorrhoids also known as piles is a medical condition in which the veins inside, around and the bottom of the anus and lower rectum area get swollen and inflamed due to elevated blood pressure.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids is known to be caused by a number of certain factors. These factors have been listed as follows.

  • Due to strain during bowl movements
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity (being overweight)
  • It can be hereditary or due to genetics (family history)
  • Heavy lifting of objects without proper precautions
  • Prolong standing
  • Prolong siting
  • Aging
  • Chronic Diarrhea
  • Chronic constipation
  • Anal intercourse
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Rectal cancer

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

The hemorrhoids patients may undergo through the following symptoms during the early and advance stages of hemorrhoids development.

  • Painless bleeding in the anal area
  • Itching and irritation in the anal area
  • Itchy, sensitive or painful lump around the anus
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Involuntary Fecal excretion
  • Bleeding in the feces.

There are three types of hemorrhoids which depends on where the swollen veins occur with the previously described symptoms.

  1. Internal Hemorrhoids: If the swollen veins that indicate hemorrhoids is located inside the lining of the rectum that can be only felt when pushed through the anus then it is called internal hemorrhoids. Small internal piles or hemorrhoids are usually painless and there may be discharge of mucus accompanying pain and itchy feeling. The mucus discharge may irritate the skin and the anus. The patient may have a feelings of fullness in the anus region. There may be feelings with patient of not fully emptying the back passage when bowel movements occur.
  1. External Hemorrhoids: External hemorrhoids is located under the skin of the outer area around the anus. It can be itchy and may bleed and blood may be found in the feces of the patient.

 Prolapsed Hemorrhoids: Hemorrhoids may stretch due to excessive blood in the blood vessels and the hemorrhoids may bulge out of the anus in the form of one or multiple clots or lumps. This is called Prolapsed Hemorrhoids. These hemorrhoids are the ones that bulge outside the anus. The patient may feel a pinching sensation or fell a painless lump when wiping the anus after bowel movements. At certain times the prolapsed hemorrhoids may feel painful or itchy. When the blood clots form the patient may have a feelings of soft lumps on the edge of the anus. These hemorrhoid lumps may crack or minor amounts of blood may be released. If it bleeds bright red blood may be found by the patient in after bowel moment wipes on the toilet paper or inside the toilet.

 Pushing Hemorrhoids Back In

If it is prolapsed hemorrhoid it may usually go back to the rectum of the patient can softly push it back inside. Any type of hemorrhoids can be pushed back. If it is internal hemorrhoids that is usually very easy and can be done with little or no pain depending on the severity of the condition. In the case of external hemorrhoids, it can be very difficult due to severe pain. In the cases of prolapsed hemorrhoids, it cannot be pushed back in.  However, this disease is not fatal and it is completely curable.